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“John of Antioch - The Resolution of The Conciliabulum of Ephesus (431) - Sententia Synodi Orientalium - the original Greek text with English Translation”

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Click here to read at in the original Greek (with dictionary lookup links). The English translation follows that in Giles, Documents Illustrating Papal Authority (SPCK 1952) and Stevenson/Frend Creeds, Councils and Controversies (SPCK 1989) with additions and alterations by Andrew Maguire.

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John McGuckin
Saint Cyril of Alexandria and The Christological Controversy



Richard Price and Thomas Graumann
The Council of Ephesus 431



Susan Wessel
Cyril of Alexandria and The Nestorian Controversy

The holy synod assembled at Ephesus by the grace of God and the command of our most pious and Christ-loving emperors made the following declaration:

We should indeed have wished to hold a synod in peace according to the canons of the holy Fathers and the edict of our most pious and Christ-loving Emperors, but since you have shown a heretical disposition and in an arrogant and disorderly fashion held a private meeting amongst yourselves even though we were already nearby, according to the edict of our most pious Emperors; and since you have filled both the city and the holy synod with confusion, in order to prevent the examination of the important topics relating to the false tenets and impieties of Apollinarius, Arius and Eunomius, and have not waited for the arrival of the most holy bishops of all regions who were summoned by our most pious Emperors – and you have done this after his Magnificence, Count Candidian, had instructed you in writing and by word of mouth that you should not presume to do any such thing but should rather wait for a common gathering of all the most holy bishops – because of this take note you, Cyril of Alexandria, and you, Memnon of this city, that you are deposed and dismissed from the office of bishop and dismissed from all ecclesiastical office as the originators and leaders of all the (present) disorder and irregularity, and the cause of the wanton disregard of the canons of the Fathers and of the pronouncements of the Emperors. All you others who colluded with those who violated and contravened the canons and the pronouncements of the Emperors, are excommunicated, until you repent of your own fault, accept anew, without foreign addition, the faith of the holy Fathers who assembled at Nicaea, anathematize the heretical propositions of Cyril, which are clearly repugnant to the teaching of the Evangelists and Apostles, and comply with the order of the most pious and Christ-loving Emperors, who require a calm and scrupulous consideration of questions of faith.




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John of Antioch
Sententia Synodi Orientalium
Controversy at Council of Ephesus 431


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