਀ ਀㰀洀攀琀愀 渀愀洀攀㴀∀䜀䔀一䔀刀䄀吀伀刀∀ 挀漀渀琀攀渀琀㴀∀䴀椀挀爀漀猀漀昀琀 䘀爀漀渀琀倀愀最攀 㔀⸀ ∀㸀 ਀㰀洀攀琀愀 栀琀琀瀀ⴀ攀焀甀椀瘀㴀∀䌀漀渀琀攀渀琀ⴀ吀礀瀀攀∀ 挀漀渀琀攀渀琀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀栀琀洀氀㬀 挀栀愀爀猀攀琀㴀甀琀昀ⴀ㠀∀㸀 ਀㰀洀攀琀愀 渀愀洀攀㴀∀搀攀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀∀ content="Tertullian, The Trinity, Greek and Latin resources with English translations for the study of Early Church History">਀㰀洀攀琀愀 渀愀洀攀㴀∀欀攀礀眀漀爀搀猀∀ content="Tertullian, The Trinity, Three in One, Adversus Praxeam, Adversus Praxean, Against Praxeas, three persons, one substance, Migne, Patrologia, Patrologia Latinae Cursus Completus,Patristics, Latin, Greek, Early Church History timeline, English translations, Nicaea, Chalcedon, Creeds, original language texts">਀㰀洀攀琀愀 渀愀洀攀㴀∀瘀椀攀眀瀀漀爀琀∀ 挀漀渀琀攀渀琀㴀∀眀椀搀琀栀㴀搀攀瘀椀挀攀ⴀ眀椀搀琀栀Ⰰ 椀渀椀琀椀愀氀ⴀ猀挀愀氀攀㴀㄀∀㸀 Tertullian on The Trinity਀㰀氀椀渀欀 爀攀氀㴀∀猀琀礀氀攀猀栀攀攀琀∀ 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀挀猀猀∀ href="styles/searchpagestyle.css" />਀㰀℀ⴀⴀ 䔀渀搀 䌀匀匀 匀琀礀氀攀猀 ⨀⨀⨀⨀⨀ ⴀⴀ㸀 ਀㰀⼀栀攀愀搀㸀 ਀㰀戀漀搀礀㸀
਀        㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀 ਀    㰀⼀搀椀瘀㸀

਀ ਀㰀戀爀㸀 One of the most extensive resources on the internet ਀昀漀爀 琀栀攀 猀琀甀搀礀 漀昀 攀愀爀氀礀 䌀栀爀椀猀琀椀愀渀椀琀礀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀椀㸀㰀戀爀㸀

਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀ 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㔀∀㸀吀攀爀琀甀氀氀椀愀渀 漀渀 吀栀攀吀爀椀渀椀琀礀 ⴀ 䰀愀琀椀渀 吀攀砀琀 眀椀琀栀 䔀渀最氀椀猀栀 琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀椀漀渀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀⼀瀀㸀

From Adversus Praxeam - Against Praxeas,਀㰀⼀椀㸀挀栀愀瀀琀攀爀猀 ㈀ 愀渀搀 ㌀⸀ 吀栀爀攀攀 倀攀爀猀漀渀猀Ⰰ 漀渀攀 匀甀戀猀琀愀渀挀攀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀㰀⼀瀀㸀

਀  㰀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀 ਀    㰀琀爀㸀 ਀    㰀⼀琀爀㸀

This site uses cookies. ਀䈀礀 挀漀渀琀椀渀甀椀渀最 琀漀 戀爀漀眀猀攀 琀栀攀 猀椀琀攀 礀漀甀 愀爀攀 愀最爀攀攀椀渀最 琀漀 漀甀爀 甀猀攀 漀昀 挀漀漀欀椀攀猀⸀ 䘀椀渀搀  out more about our use of cookies here.

਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㌀∀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀㰀戀㸀䌀氀椀挀欀 here ਀琀漀 爀攀愀搀 愀琀 攀愀爀氀礀挀栀甀爀挀栀琀攀砀琀猀⸀挀漀洀 椀渀 琀栀攀 漀爀椀最椀渀愀氀 䰀愀琀椀渀 㰀⼀戀㸀⠀眀椀琀栀 搀椀挀琀椀漀渀愀爀礀 氀漀漀欀甀瀀 氀椀渀欀猀⤀⸀ 吀栀攀 䔀渀最氀椀猀栀 琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀椀漀渀 戀攀氀漀眀 椀猀  from the ANF series.

਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀㸀㰀椀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㌀∀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀攀愀爀氀礀挀栀甀爀挀栀琀攀砀琀猀⸀挀漀洀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀㰀⼀椀㸀㰀⼀瀀㸀
    ਀  㰀氀椀㸀

    Is like an electronic ਀    攀渀挀礀挀氀漀瀀攀搀椀愀 漀昀 琀栀攀 昀椀爀猀琀 昀椀瘀攀 挀攀渀琀甀爀椀攀猀 漀昀 䌀栀甀爀挀栀 䠀椀猀琀漀爀礀㰀⼀戀㸀Ⰰ 眀椀琀栀  extensive links (subscription version only) to information on around 800 ਀    瀀攀漀瀀氀攀 愀渀搀 琀栀攀洀攀猀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 愀爀漀甀渀搀 ㈀㌀  䌀栀甀爀挀栀 䌀漀甀渀挀椀氀猀㬀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀㰀⼀氀椀㸀

  • ਀    㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀ 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㈀∀㸀䤀猀 愀 㰀戀㸀刀攀愀搀攀爀 椀渀 䔀愀爀氀礀  Christian History and Theology with 225+ carefully prepared on-site texts ਀    ⠀䜀爀攀攀欀 愀渀搀⼀漀爀 䰀愀琀椀渀 眀椀琀栀 䔀渀最氀椀猀栀 琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀椀漀渀 愀氀漀渀最猀椀搀攀⤀ 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 昀椀爀猀琀 昀椀瘀攀  centuries of the life of the Church. These cover a range of significant ਀    琀栀攀洀攀猀 愀渀搀 爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀 猀攀瘀攀爀愀氀 愀甀琀栀漀爀猀 ⠀愀 猀愀洀瀀氀攀 琀攀砀琀 椀猀 㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⸀⸀⼀洀愀椀渀⼀猀愀洀瀀氀攀漀渀猀椀琀攀琀攀砀琀⼀猀愀洀瀀氀攀开漀渀猀椀琀攀开琀攀砀琀⸀猀栀琀洀氀∀㸀栀攀爀攀㰀⼀愀㸀 愀渀搀 愀 挀漀洀瀀氀攀琀攀 氀椀猀琀 漀昀 漀渀ⴀ猀椀琀攀 琀攀砀琀猀 㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⸀⸀⼀洀愀椀渀⼀甀瀀搀愀琀攀猀⼀琀栀攀洀攀搀开氀椀猀琀⸀猀栀琀洀氀∀㸀栀攀爀攀㰀⼀愀㸀⤀⸀ 䄀氀氀 栀愀瘀攀 搀椀挀琀椀漀渀愀爀礀 氀漀漀欀甀瀀 氀椀渀欀猀⸀  There is also an introduction to each text (to help in understanding its ਀    挀漀渀琀攀砀琀 愀渀搀 猀椀最渀椀昀椀挀愀渀挀攀⤀ 琀漀最攀琀栀攀爀 眀椀琀栀 戀愀挀欀最爀漀甀渀搀 渀漀琀攀猀 氀椀渀欀攀搀 眀椀琀栀 琀栀攀  text, carefully prepared printable versions, a site search engine and many ਀    漀琀栀攀爀 栀攀氀瀀昀甀氀 昀攀愀琀甀爀攀猀㬀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀㰀⼀氀椀㸀
  • ਀    㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀ 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㈀∀㸀㰀戀㸀䜀椀瘀攀猀 攀愀猀礀 愀挀挀攀猀猀 琀漀 挀漀洀瀀氀攀琀攀 䜀爀攀攀欀 愀渀搀 䰀愀琀椀渀 琀攀砀琀猀㰀⼀戀㸀  which are in the public domain and translations (where found available) from ਀  琀栀攀 昀椀爀猀琀 昀椀瘀攀 挀攀渀琀甀爀椀攀猀⸀ 吀栀攀爀攀 愀爀攀 挀愀爀攀昀甀氀氀礀 椀渀搀攀砀攀搀 氀椀渀欀猀 琀漀 愀甀琀栀漀爀猀 愀渀搀  their works, including an index of commentaries, homilies etc. by biblical book. Nearly all of the Greek and Latin texts from this period ਀  挀漀渀琀愀椀渀攀搀 椀渀 琀栀攀 䴀椀最渀攀 倀愀琀爀漀氀漀最椀愀 猀攀爀椀攀猀 愀爀攀 挀漀瘀攀爀攀搀⸀ 匀漀洀攀 漀琀栀攀爀 猀漀甀爀挀攀猀 愀爀攀  also used. The texts used are the scanned versions available at Google Books ਀  愀渀搀 攀氀猀攀眀栀攀爀攀⸀ 㰀椀㸀䄀 搀椀猀琀椀渀挀琀椀瘀攀 昀攀愀琀甀爀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䔀愀爀氀礀 䌀栀甀爀挀栀 吀攀砀琀猀 眀攀戀猀椀琀攀 椀猀  that where English translations have been found available online they can ਀  攀愀猀椀氀礀 戀攀 爀攀愀搀 椀洀洀攀搀椀愀琀攀氀礀 愀氀漀渀最猀椀搀攀 琀栀攀 漀爀椀最椀渀愀氀 䜀爀攀攀欀 愀渀搀 䰀愀琀椀渀㰀⼀椀㸀⸀ ⠀䄀 挀漀洀瀀氀攀琀攀 氀椀猀琀 漀昀 愀甀琀栀漀爀猀 爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀攀搀 椀猀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀愀 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀ 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⸀⸀⼀猀椀琀攀洀愀瀀开挀漀洀瀀氀攀琀攀开眀漀爀欀猀⸀栀琀洀∀㸀栀攀爀攀㰀⼀愀㸀⸀  䄀 猀愀洀瀀氀攀 琀攀砀琀 椀猀 㰀愀 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀ 栀爀攀昀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀猀愀洀瀀氀攀开琀攀砀琀开琀眀漀开挀漀氀甀洀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀栀攀爀攀㰀⼀愀㸀⸀⤀ ਀ ਀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀㰀⼀氀椀㸀
਀    㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀㸀 㰀昀漀渀琀 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㈀∀ 挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀⌀䌀䌀  㤀㤀∀㸀 Try out the feature ਀      爀椀挀栀 猀甀戀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀 瘀攀爀猀椀漀渀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䔀愀爀氀礀 䌀栀甀爀挀栀 吀攀砀琀猀 眀攀戀猀椀琀攀 昀漀爀 樀甀猀琀 ␀㔀  for a trial period or $30 for a year ($15 student rate). Click਀      㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⸀⸀⼀洀愀椀渀⼀猀甀戀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀椀渀昀漀⼀椀渀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀开爀攀开猀甀戀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀开猀椀琀攀⸀猀栀琀洀氀∀㸀 here for more information. Check out the video demo of the site. Click here to go to the Early Church Texts Home Page ਀    昀漀爀 琀栀攀 瀀甀戀氀椀挀氀礀 愀瘀愀椀氀愀戀氀攀 瘀攀爀猀椀漀渀 漀昀 琀栀攀 猀椀琀攀 眀栀椀挀栀 栀愀猀 樀甀猀琀 琀栀攀 漀爀椀最椀渀愀氀 䜀爀攀攀欀 愀渀搀 䰀愀琀椀渀 琀攀砀琀猀 眀椀琀栀 搀椀挀琀椀漀渀愀爀礀 氀漀漀欀甀瀀 氀椀渀欀猀⸀ 㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀 ਀
਀  㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀
਀㰀搀椀瘀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀
਀㰀琀愀戀氀攀 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀∀㌀∀ 挀攀氀氀猀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 猀琀礀氀攀㴀∀戀漀爀搀攀爀ⴀ挀漀氀氀愀瀀猀攀㨀 挀漀氀氀愀瀀猀攀∀ 戀漀爀搀攀爀挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀⌀㄀㄀㄀㄀㄀㄀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㔀─∀ 椀搀㴀∀䄀甀琀漀一甀洀戀攀爀㄀∀㸀 ਀    㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀㠀─∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 搀椀爀㴀∀氀琀爀∀㸀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀 iPad at Amazon

਀㰀愀 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀ 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀愀洀愀稀漀渀⸀挀漀洀⼀猀⼀㼀开攀渀挀漀搀椀渀最㴀唀吀䘀㠀☀戀戀渀㴀㄀㈀㌀㈀㔀㤀㜀 ㄀㄀☀挀愀洀瀀㴀㄀㜀㠀㤀☀挀爀攀愀琀椀瘀攀㴀㌀㤀 㤀㔀㜀☀氀椀渀欀䌀漀搀攀㴀甀爀㈀☀瀀昀开爀搀开椀㴀㄀㈀㌀㈀㔀㤀㜀 ㄀㄀☀瀀昀开爀搀开洀㴀䄀吀嘀倀䐀䬀䤀䬀堀 䐀䔀刀☀瀀昀开爀搀开瀀㴀㄀㠀㘀㤀㄀㌀㐀㄀㠀㈀☀瀀昀开爀搀开爀㴀 㘀䘀䬀䨀儀㤀圀䌀夀㘀倀㄀吀圀䄀䌀䔀䴀㔀☀瀀昀开爀搀开猀㴀洀攀爀挀栀愀渀搀椀猀攀搀ⴀ猀攀愀爀挀栀ⴀ㔀☀瀀昀开爀搀开琀㴀㄀ ㄀☀爀栀㴀椀─㌀䄀挀漀洀瀀甀琀攀爀猀─㈀䌀渀─㌀䄀㄀㜀㈀㈀㠀㈀─㈀䌀渀─㌀䄀℀㐀㤀㌀㤀㘀㐀─㈀䌀渀─㌀䄀㔀㐀㄀㤀㘀㘀─㈀䌀渀─㌀䄀㄀㈀㌀㈀㔀㤀㜀 ㄀㄀─㈀䌀瀀开渀开漀瀀攀爀愀琀椀渀最开猀礀猀琀攀洀开戀爀漀眀猀攀ⴀ戀椀渀─㌀䄀㌀ 㜀㜀㔀㤀㄀ ㄀㄀─㈀䌀渀─㌀䄀℀㐀㤀㌀㤀㘀㐀☀琀愀最㴀攀愀爀挀栀甀琀攀砀ⴀ㈀ ☀氀椀渀欀䤀搀㴀䘀䌀䌀䨀嘀堀䄀䜀䴀㔀儀䤀䘀㜀刀䔀∀㸀 ਀  

਀䌀氀椀挀欀 漀渀 瀀椀挀琀甀爀攀 昀漀爀 洀漀爀攀 搀攀琀愀椀氀猀⸀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀  For UK click here.਀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀

਀㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀ⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀ㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀    㰀瀀㸀 Relevant ਀    戀漀漀欀猀㰀戀爀㸀 available at Amazon

਀    㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀匀琀甀搀椀攀猀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀⼀瀀㸀

 ਀    㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀瀀椀挀猀⼀㐀㄀眀嘀㌀㠀椀漀眀圀䰀⸀开匀䰀㜀㔀开⸀樀瀀最∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀ ㌀∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㄀㘀 ∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀愀猀猀漀挀ⴀ愀洀愀稀漀渀⸀挀漀洀⼀攀⼀椀爀㼀琀㴀攀愀爀挀栀甀琀攀砀ⴀ㈀ ☀氀㴀愀猀㈀☀漀㴀㄀☀愀㴀 㔀㈀㄀㔀㈀㐀㤀㔀㐀⼀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㄀∀ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀∀ 猀琀礀氀攀㴀∀戀漀爀搀攀爀㨀渀漀渀攀 ℀椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀㬀 洀愀爀最椀渀㨀 瀀砀 ℀椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀㬀∀ ⼀㸀㰀⼀瀀㸀㰀瀀㸀 Eric Francis Osborn
਀    吀攀爀琀甀氀氀椀愀渀Ⰰ 䘀椀爀猀琀 吀栀攀漀氀漀最椀愀渀 漀昀 琀栀攀 圀攀猀琀㰀⼀瀀㸀㰀瀀㸀ⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀ㰀⼀瀀㸀㰀瀀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀愀洀愀稀漀渀⸀挀漀洀⼀最瀀⼀瀀爀漀搀甀挀琀⼀ ㄀㤀㠀㄀㐀㌀㘀㈀㄀⼀⼀爀攀昀㴀愀猀开氀椀开琀昀开琀氀㼀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀㠀☀琀愀最㴀攀愀爀挀栀甀琀攀砀ⴀ㈀ ☀氀椀渀欀䌀漀搀攀㴀愀猀㈀☀挀愀洀瀀㴀㈀㄀㜀㄀㔀㌀☀挀爀攀愀琀椀瘀攀㴀㌀㤀㤀㌀㔀㌀☀挀爀攀愀琀椀瘀攀䄀匀䤀一㴀 㠀 㤀㄀㈀㄀㤀㠀 ∀㸀

਀    吀攀爀琀甀氀氀椀愀渀㨀 䄀 䠀椀猀琀漀爀椀挀愀氀 愀渀搀 䰀椀琀攀爀愀爀礀 匀琀甀搀礀 㰀戀爀㸀 Timothy David Barnes

--------------

 ਀    㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀瀀椀挀猀⼀㔀㄀樀洀伀琀瀀樀吀䜀䰀⸀开匀䰀㜀㔀开⸀樀瀀最∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀ ㌀∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㄀㘀 ∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀愀猀猀漀挀ⴀ愀洀愀稀漀渀⸀挀漀洀⼀攀⼀椀爀㼀琀㴀攀愀爀挀栀甀琀攀砀ⴀ㈀ ☀氀㴀愀猀㈀☀漀㴀㄀☀愀㴀 㠀㌀ 㠀㌀㤀㌀㜀㈀⼀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㄀∀ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀∀ 猀琀礀氀攀㴀∀戀漀爀搀攀爀㨀渀漀渀攀 ℀椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀㬀 洀愀爀最椀渀㨀 瀀砀 ℀椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀㬀∀ ⼀㸀㰀⼀瀀㸀㰀瀀㸀 Early Christian Thinkers: The Lives and Legacies of Twelve Key Figures
਀    倀愀甀氀 䘀漀猀琀攀爀㰀戀爀㸀 (A helpful chapter)

--------------

਀    㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀瀀椀挀猀⼀㈀㄀匀㔀吀儀㌀䘀吀䄀䰀⸀开匀䰀㜀㔀开⸀樀瀀最∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀ ㌀∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㄀㘀 ∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀愀猀猀漀挀ⴀ愀洀愀稀漀渀⸀挀漀洀⼀攀⼀椀爀㼀琀㴀攀愀爀挀栀甀琀攀砀ⴀ㈀ ☀氀㴀愀猀㈀☀漀㴀㄀☀愀㴀 㐀㄀㔀㌀㌀㌀㄀㈀㄀⼀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㄀∀ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀∀ 猀琀礀氀攀㴀∀戀漀爀搀攀爀㨀渀漀渀攀 ℀椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀㬀 洀愀爀最椀渀㨀 瀀砀 ℀椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀㬀∀ ⼀㸀㰀⼀瀀㸀㰀瀀㸀 The Early Christian World
਀    倀⸀䘀⸀ 䔀猀氀攀爀Ⰰ 眀椀琀栀 愀 栀攀氀瀀昀甀氀 挀栀愀瀀琀攀爀 戀礀 䐀愀瘀椀搀 圀爀椀最栀琀㰀⼀瀀㸀

਀    㰀瀀㸀ⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀ㰀⼀瀀㸀

਀    㰀瀀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀愀洀愀稀漀渀⸀挀漀洀⼀最瀀⼀瀀爀漀搀甀挀琀⼀ 㔀㈀㄀ 㐀㐀  㘀⼀⼀爀攀昀㴀愀猀开氀椀开琀昀开琀氀㼀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀㠀☀琀愀最㴀攀愀爀挀栀甀琀攀砀ⴀ㈀ ☀氀椀渀欀䌀漀搀攀㴀愀猀㈀☀挀愀洀瀀㴀㈀㄀㜀㄀㔀㌀☀挀爀攀愀琀椀瘀攀㴀㌀㤀㤀㌀㔀㌀☀挀爀攀愀琀椀瘀攀䄀匀䤀一㴀 㠀 㤀㄀㈀㄀㤀㠀 ∀㸀

਀    吀攀爀琀甀氀氀椀愀渀 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 䌀栀甀爀挀栀 㰀戀爀㸀 David Rankin

--------------

 Ancient Rhetoric and the Art of Tertullian (Oxford theological monographs)਀㰀⼀瀀㸀㰀瀀㸀刀漀戀攀爀琀 䐀⸀ 匀椀搀攀爀㰀⼀瀀㸀㰀瀀㸀ⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀ㰀⼀瀀㸀㰀瀀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀愀洀愀稀漀渀⸀挀漀洀⼀最瀀⼀瀀爀漀搀甀挀琀⼀㌀㄀㄀ ㄀㤀㐀㔀㌀㠀⼀爀攀昀㴀愀猀开氀椀开焀昀开猀瀀开愀猀椀渀开椀氀㼀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀㠀☀琀愀最㴀攀愀爀挀栀甀琀攀砀ⴀ㈀ ☀氀椀渀欀䌀漀搀攀㴀愀猀㈀☀挀愀洀瀀㴀㄀㜀㠀㤀☀挀爀攀愀琀椀瘀攀㴀㤀㌀㈀㔀☀挀爀攀愀琀椀瘀攀䄀匀䤀一㴀 㔀㈀㄀ 㐀㐀  㘀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀猀⸀愀猀猀漀挀ⴀ愀洀愀稀漀渀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀椀搀最攀琀猀⼀焀㼀开攀渀挀漀搀椀渀最㴀唀吀䘀㠀☀䘀漀爀洀愀琀㴀开匀䰀㄀㄀ 开☀䄀匀䤀一㴀㌀㄀㄀ ㄀㤀㐀㔀㌀㠀☀䴀愀爀欀攀琀倀氀愀挀攀㴀唀匀☀䤀䐀㴀䄀猀椀渀䤀洀愀最攀☀圀匀㴀㄀☀琀愀最㴀攀愀爀挀栀甀琀攀砀ⴀ㈀ ☀匀攀爀瘀椀挀攀嘀攀爀猀椀漀渀㴀㈀  㜀 㠀㈀㈀∀ 㸀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀愀猀猀漀挀ⴀ愀洀愀稀漀渀⸀挀漀洀⼀攀⼀椀爀㼀琀㴀攀愀爀挀栀甀琀攀砀ⴀ㈀ ☀氀㴀愀猀㈀☀漀㴀㄀☀愀㴀 㔀㈀㄀ 㐀㐀  㘀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㄀∀ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀∀ 猀琀礀氀攀㴀∀戀漀爀搀攀爀㨀渀漀渀攀 ℀椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀㬀 洀愀爀最椀渀㨀 瀀砀 ℀椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀㬀∀ ⼀㸀㰀⼀瀀㸀㰀瀀㸀 David E. Wilhite

--------------

 

Translations

 Tertullian (The Early Church Fathers)਀    㰀戀爀㸀 Geoffrey D. Dunn

--------------

 Disciplinary, Moral And Ascetical Works਀    㰀戀爀㸀 R. Arbesmann, E.J. Daly, and E. A. Quain, eds.

--------------

 Tertullian: Apologetical Works, & Minucius Felix: Octavius਀    㰀戀爀㸀 Emily J. Daly, trans.

--------------

 28. Tertullian: Treatises on Penance: On Penitence and On Purity (Ancient Christian Writers)਀    㰀戀爀㸀 W.P. Le Saint, trans.

--------------

 13. Tertullian: Treatises on Marriage and Remarriage: To His Wife, An Exhortation to Chastity, Monogamy (Ancient Christian Writers)਀    㰀戀爀㸀 W.P. Le Saint, trans.

--------------

 Christian and Pagan in the Roman Empire: The Witness of Tertullian (Selections from the Fathers of the Church)
਀    刀漀戀攀爀琀 䐀⸀ 匀椀搀攀爀Ⰰ 攀搀⸀㰀⼀瀀㸀㰀瀀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀ⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀ㰀⼀瀀㸀㰀瀀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀愀洀愀稀漀渀⸀挀漀洀⼀最瀀⼀瀀爀漀搀甀挀琀⼀ 㠀㠀㄀㐀㄀㈀㘀㄀㤀⼀爀攀昀㴀愀猀开氀椀开琀昀开琀氀㼀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀㠀☀琀愀最㴀攀愀爀挀栀甀琀攀砀ⴀ㈀ ☀氀椀渀欀䌀漀搀攀㴀愀猀㈀☀挀愀洀瀀㴀㄀㜀㠀㤀☀挀爀攀愀琀椀瘀攀㴀㤀㌀㈀㔀☀挀爀攀愀琀椀瘀攀䄀匀䤀一㴀 㠀㠀㄀㐀㄀㈀㘀㄀㤀∀㸀吀攀爀琀甀氀氀椀愀渀Ⰰ 䌀礀瀀爀椀愀渀Ⰰ 䄀渀搀 伀爀椀最攀渀 伀渀 吀栀攀 䰀漀爀搀✀猀 倀爀愀礀攀爀 ⠀匀琀⸀ 嘀氀愀搀椀洀椀爀✀猀 匀攀洀椀渀愀爀礀 倀爀攀猀猀 倀漀瀀甀氀愀爀 倀愀琀爀椀猀琀椀挀猀 匀攀爀椀攀猀⤀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀愀猀猀漀挀ⴀ愀洀愀稀漀渀⸀挀漀洀⼀攀⼀椀爀㼀琀㴀攀愀爀挀栀甀琀攀砀ⴀ㈀ ☀氀㴀愀猀㈀☀漀㴀㄀☀愀㴀 㠀㠀㄀㐀㄀㈀㘀㄀㤀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㄀∀ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀∀ 猀琀礀氀攀㴀∀戀漀爀搀攀爀㨀渀漀渀攀 ℀椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀㬀 洀愀爀最椀渀㨀 瀀砀 ℀椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀㬀∀ ⼀㸀
਀    䄀氀椀猀琀愀椀爀 匀琀攀眀愀爀琀ⴀ匀礀欀攀猀Ⰰ 攀搀⸀㰀⼀瀀㸀㰀瀀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀ⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀ㰀⼀瀀㸀㰀瀀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀愀洀愀稀漀渀⸀挀漀洀⼀最瀀⼀瀀爀漀搀甀挀琀⼀ 㠀 㤀㄀ ㄀㐀㠀㌀⼀爀攀昀㴀愀猀开氀椀开琀昀开琀氀㼀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀㠀☀琀愀最㴀攀愀爀挀栀甀琀攀砀ⴀ㈀ ☀氀椀渀欀䌀漀搀攀㴀愀猀㈀☀挀愀洀瀀㴀㄀㜀㠀㤀☀挀爀攀愀琀椀瘀攀㴀㤀㌀㈀㔀☀挀爀攀愀琀椀瘀攀䄀匀䤀一㴀 㠀 㤀㄀ ㄀㐀㠀㌀∀㸀㈀㐀⸀ 吀攀爀琀甀氀氀椀愀渀㨀 吀栀攀 吀爀攀愀琀椀猀攀 愀最愀椀渀猀琀 䠀攀爀洀漀最攀渀攀猀 ⠀䄀渀挀椀攀渀琀 䌀栀爀椀猀琀椀愀渀 圀爀椀琀攀爀猀⤀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀愀猀猀漀挀ⴀ愀洀愀稀漀渀⸀挀漀洀⼀攀⼀椀爀㼀琀㴀攀愀爀挀栀甀琀攀砀ⴀ㈀ ☀氀㴀愀猀㈀☀漀㴀㄀☀愀㴀 㠀 㤀㄀ ㄀㐀㠀㌀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㄀∀ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀∀ 猀琀礀氀攀㴀∀戀漀爀搀攀爀㨀渀漀渀攀 ℀椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀㬀 洀愀爀最椀渀㨀 瀀砀 ℀椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀㬀∀ ⼀㸀
਀    䨀⸀䠀⸀ 圀愀猀稀椀渀欀Ⰰ 琀爀愀渀猀⸀㰀⼀瀀㸀

 

਀    㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㠀㈀─∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀

2. In the course of time, then, the Father forsooth ਀眀愀猀 戀漀爀渀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 䘀愀琀栀攀爀 猀甀昀昀攀爀攀搀Ⰰ 䜀漀搀 䠀椀洀猀攀氀昀Ⰰ 琀栀攀 䰀漀爀搀 䄀氀洀椀最栀琀礀Ⰰ 眀栀漀洀 椀渀 琀栀攀椀爀  preaching they declare to be Jesus Christ. We, however, as we indeed always have ਀搀漀渀攀 ⠀愀渀搀 洀漀爀攀 攀猀瀀攀挀椀愀氀氀礀 猀椀渀挀攀 眀攀 栀愀瘀攀 戀攀攀渀 戀攀琀琀攀爀 椀渀猀琀爀甀挀琀攀搀 戀礀 琀栀攀 倀愀爀愀挀氀攀琀攀Ⰰ  who leads men indeed into all truth), believe that there is one only God, but ਀甀渀搀攀爀 琀栀攀 昀漀氀氀漀眀椀渀最 搀椀猀瀀攀渀猀愀琀椀漀渀Ⰰ 漀爀 ☀⌀㤀㔀㤀㬀☀⌀㜀㤀㠀㐀㬀☀⌀㤀㔀㐀㬀☀⌀㤀㔀㤀㬀☀⌀㤀㔀㜀㬀☀⌀㤀㔀㤀㬀☀⌀㤀㔀㘀㬀☀⌀㠀 㔀㔀㬀☀⌀㤀㐀㔀㬀 Ⰰ 愀猀 椀琀 椀猀 挀愀氀氀攀搀Ⰰ 琀栀愀琀 琀栀椀猀 漀渀攀  only God has also a Son, His Word, who proceeded from Himself, by whom all ਀琀栀椀渀最猀 眀攀爀攀 洀愀搀攀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 眀椀琀栀漀甀琀 眀栀漀洀 渀漀琀栀椀渀最 眀愀猀 洀愀搀攀⸀ 䠀椀洀 㰀椀㸀眀攀 戀攀氀椀攀瘀攀㰀⼀椀㸀 琀漀  have been sent by the Father into the Virgin, and to have been born of her—being ਀戀漀琀栀 䴀愀渀 愀渀搀 䜀漀搀Ⰰ 琀栀攀 匀漀渀 漀昀 䴀愀渀 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 匀漀渀 漀昀 䜀漀搀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 琀漀 栀愀瘀攀 戀攀攀渀 挀愀氀氀攀搀 戀礀  the name of Jesus Christ; we believe Him to have suffered, died, and been ਀戀甀爀椀攀搀Ⰰ 愀挀挀漀爀搀椀渀最 琀漀 琀栀攀 匀挀爀椀瀀琀甀爀攀猀Ⰰ 愀渀搀Ⰰ 愀昀琀攀爀 䠀攀 栀愀搀 戀攀攀渀 爀愀椀猀攀搀 愀最愀椀渀 戀礀 琀栀攀  Father and taken back to heaven, to be sitting at the right hand of the Father,਀㰀椀㸀愀渀搀㰀⼀椀㸀 琀栀愀琀 䠀攀 眀椀氀氀 挀漀洀攀 琀漀 樀甀搀最攀 琀栀攀 焀甀椀挀欀 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 搀攀愀搀㬀 眀栀漀 猀攀渀琀 愀氀猀漀 昀爀漀洀  heaven from the Father, according to His own promise, the Holy Ghost, the ਀倀愀爀愀挀氀攀琀攀Ⰰ 琀栀攀 猀愀渀挀琀椀昀椀攀爀 漀昀 琀栀攀 昀愀椀琀栀 漀昀 琀栀漀猀攀 眀栀漀 戀攀氀椀攀瘀攀 椀渀 琀栀攀 䘀愀琀栀攀爀Ⰰ 愀渀搀  in the Son, and in the Holy Ghost. That this rule of faith has come down to us ਀昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 戀攀最椀渀渀椀渀最 漀昀 琀栀攀 最漀猀瀀攀氀Ⰰ 攀瘀攀渀 戀攀昀漀爀攀 愀渀礀 漀昀 琀栀攀 漀氀搀攀爀 栀攀爀攀琀椀挀猀Ⰰ 洀甀挀栀  more before Praxeas, a pretender of yesterday, will be apparent both from ਀琀栀攀 氀愀琀攀渀攀猀猀 漀昀 搀愀琀攀 眀栀椀挀栀 洀愀爀欀猀 愀氀氀 栀攀爀攀猀椀攀猀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 愀氀猀漀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 愀戀猀漀氀甀琀攀氀礀  novel character of our new-fangled Praxeas. In this principle also we must ਀栀攀渀挀攀昀漀爀琀栀 昀椀渀搀 愀 瀀爀攀猀甀洀瀀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 攀焀甀愀氀 昀漀爀挀攀 愀最愀椀渀猀琀 愀氀氀 栀攀爀攀猀椀攀猀  whatsoever—that whatever is first is true, whereas that is spurious which is ਀氀愀琀攀爀 椀渀 搀愀琀攀⸀ 䈀甀琀 欀攀攀瀀椀渀最 琀栀椀猀 瀀爀攀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀瘀攀 爀甀氀攀 椀渀瘀椀漀氀愀琀攀Ⰰ 猀琀椀氀氀 猀漀洀攀  opportunity must be given for reviewing (the statements of heretics), with a ਀瘀椀攀眀 琀漀 琀栀攀 椀渀猀琀爀甀挀琀椀漀渀 愀渀搀 瀀爀漀琀攀挀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 搀椀瘀攀爀猀 瀀攀爀猀漀渀猀㬀 眀攀爀攀 椀琀 漀渀氀礀 琀栀愀琀 椀琀  may not seem that each perversion of the truth is condemned without ਀攀砀愀洀椀渀愀琀椀漀渀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 猀椀洀瀀氀礀 瀀爀攀樀甀搀最攀搀㬀 攀猀瀀攀挀椀愀氀氀礀 椀渀 琀栀攀 挀愀猀攀 漀昀 琀栀椀猀 栀攀爀攀猀礀Ⰰ 眀栀椀挀栀  supposes itself to possess the pure truth, in thinking that one cannot believe ਀椀渀 伀渀攀 伀渀氀礀 䜀漀搀 椀渀 愀渀礀 漀琀栀攀爀 眀愀礀 琀栀愀渀 戀礀 猀愀礀椀渀最 琀栀愀琀 琀栀攀 䘀愀琀栀攀爀Ⰰ 琀栀攀 匀漀渀Ⰰ 愀渀搀  the Holy Ghost are the very selfsame Person. As if in this way also one were not ਀䄀氀氀Ⰰ 椀渀 琀栀愀琀 䄀氀氀 愀爀攀 漀昀 伀渀攀Ⰰ 戀礀 甀渀椀琀礀 ⠀琀栀愀琀 椀猀⤀ 漀昀 猀甀戀猀琀愀渀挀攀㬀 眀栀椀氀攀 琀栀攀 洀礀猀琀攀爀礀  of the dispensation is still guarded, which distributes the Unity into a ਀吀爀椀渀椀琀礀Ⰰ 瀀氀愀挀椀渀最 椀渀 琀栀攀椀爀 漀爀搀攀爀 琀栀攀 琀栀爀攀攀 㰀椀㸀倀攀爀猀漀渀猀㰀⼀椀㸠᐀琀栀攀 䘀愀琀栀攀爀Ⰰ 琀栀攀 匀漀渀Ⰰ  and the Holy Ghost: three, however, not in condition, but in degree; not in ਀猀甀戀猀琀愀渀挀攀Ⰰ 戀甀琀 椀渀 昀漀爀洀㬀 渀漀琀 椀渀 瀀漀眀攀爀Ⰰ 戀甀琀 椀渀 愀猀瀀攀挀琀㬀 礀攀琀 漀昀 漀渀攀 猀甀戀猀琀愀渀挀攀Ⰰ 愀渀搀  of one condition, and of one power, inasmuch as He is one God, from whom these ਀搀攀最爀攀攀猀 愀渀搀 昀漀爀洀猀 愀渀搀 愀猀瀀攀挀琀猀 愀爀攀 爀攀挀欀漀渀攀搀Ⰰ 甀渀搀攀爀 琀栀攀 渀愀洀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䘀愀琀栀攀爀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 漀昀  the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. How they are susceptible of number without ਀搀椀瘀椀猀椀漀渀Ⰰ 眀椀氀氀 戀攀 猀栀漀眀渀 愀猀 漀甀爀 琀爀攀愀琀椀猀攀 瀀爀漀挀攀攀搀猀⸀ 㰀戀爀㸀
਀㌀⸀ 吀栀攀 猀椀洀瀀氀攀Ⰰ 椀渀搀攀攀搀Ⰰ ⠀䤀 眀椀氀氀 渀漀琀 挀愀氀氀 琀栀攀洀 甀渀眀椀猀攀 愀渀搀 甀渀氀攀愀爀渀攀搀Ⰰ⤀ 眀栀漀 愀氀眀愀礀猀  constitute the majority of believers, are startled at the dispensation (of the ਀吀栀爀攀攀 椀渀 伀渀攀⤀Ⰰ 漀渀 琀栀攀 最爀漀甀渀搀 琀栀愀琀 琀栀攀椀爀 瘀攀爀礀 爀甀氀攀 漀昀 昀愀椀琀栀 眀椀琀栀搀爀愀眀猀 琀栀攀洀 昀爀漀洀  the world’s plurality of gods to the one only true God; not understanding that, ਀愀氀琀栀漀甀最栀 䠀攀 椀猀 琀栀攀 漀渀攀 漀渀氀礀 䜀漀搀Ⰰ 䠀攀 洀甀猀琀 礀攀琀 戀攀 戀攀氀椀攀瘀攀搀 椀渀 眀椀琀栀 䠀椀猀 漀眀渀  οἰκονομία . The numerical order and distribution of the Trinity they assume to ਀戀攀 愀 搀椀瘀椀猀椀漀渀 漀昀 琀栀攀 唀渀椀琀礀㬀 眀栀攀爀攀愀猀 琀栀攀 唀渀椀琀礀 眀栀椀挀栀 搀攀爀椀瘀攀猀 琀栀攀 吀爀椀渀椀琀礀 漀甀琀 漀昀  its own self is so far from being destroyed, that it is actually supported by ਀椀琀⸀ 吀栀攀礀 愀爀攀 挀漀渀猀琀愀渀琀氀礀 琀栀爀漀眀椀渀最 漀甀琀 愀最愀椀渀猀琀 甀猀 琀栀愀琀 眀攀 愀爀攀 瀀爀攀愀挀栀攀爀猀 漀昀 琀眀漀  gods and three gods, while they take to themselves pre-eminently the credit of ਀戀攀椀渀最 眀漀爀猀栀椀瀀瀀攀爀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀 伀渀攀 䜀漀搀㬀 樀甀猀琀 愀猀 椀昀 琀栀攀 唀渀椀琀礀 椀琀猀攀氀昀 眀椀琀栀 椀爀爀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀  deductions did not produce heresy, and the Trinity rationally considered ਀挀漀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀攀 琀栀攀 琀爀甀琀栀⸀ 圀攀Ⰰ 猀愀礀 琀栀攀礀Ⰰ 洀愀椀渀琀愀椀渀 琀栀攀 㰀椀㸀䴀漀渀愀爀挀栀礀㰀⼀椀㸀 ⠀漀爀Ⰰ 㰀椀㸀猀漀氀攀  government
of God). And so, as far as the sound goes, do even Latins (and ਀椀最渀漀爀愀渀琀 漀渀攀猀 琀漀漀⤀ 瀀爀漀渀漀甀渀挀攀 琀栀攀 眀漀爀搀 椀渀 猀甀挀栀 愀 眀愀礀 琀栀愀琀 礀漀甀 眀漀甀氀搀 猀甀瀀瀀漀猀攀 琀栀攀椀爀  understanding of the μοναρχία (or Monarchy) was as complete as their ਀瀀爀漀渀甀渀挀椀愀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 琀栀攀 琀攀爀洀⸀ 圀攀氀氀Ⰰ 琀栀攀渀 䰀愀琀椀渀猀 琀愀欀攀 瀀愀椀渀猀 琀漀 瀀爀漀渀漀甀渀挀攀 琀栀攀  μοναρχία (or Monarchy), while Greeks actually refuse to understand the ਀☀⌀㤀㔀㤀㬀☀⌀㜀㤀㠀㐀㬀☀⌀㤀㔀㐀㬀☀⌀㤀㔀㤀㬀☀⌀㤀㔀㜀㬀☀⌀㤀㔀㤀㬀☀⌀㤀㔀㘀㬀☀⌀㠀 㔀㔀㬀☀⌀㤀㐀㔀㬀Ⰰ 漀爀 㰀椀㸀䐀椀猀瀀攀渀猀愀琀椀漀渀㰀⼀椀㸀 ⠀㰀椀㸀漀昀 琀栀攀 吀栀爀攀攀 椀渀 伀渀攀㰀⼀椀㸀⤀⸀ 䄀猀 昀漀爀 洀礀猀攀氀昀Ⰰ  however, if I have gleaned any knowledge of either language, I am sure that ਀☀⌀㤀㔀㘀㬀☀⌀㤀㔀㤀㬀☀⌀㤀㔀㜀㬀☀⌀㤀㐀㔀㬀☀⌀㤀㘀㄀㬀☀⌀㤀㘀㜀㬀☀⌀㠀 㔀㔀㬀☀⌀㤀㐀㔀㬀 ⠀漀爀 㰀椀㸀䴀漀渀愀爀挀栀礀㰀⼀椀㸀⤀ 栀愀猀 渀漀 漀琀栀攀爀 洀攀愀渀椀渀最 琀栀愀渀 猀椀渀最氀攀 愀渀搀 椀渀搀椀瘀椀搀甀愀氀  rule; but for all that, this monarchy does not, because it is the government of ਀漀渀攀Ⰰ 瀀爀攀挀氀甀搀攀 栀椀洀 眀栀漀猀攀 最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 椀琀 椀猀Ⰰ 攀椀琀栀攀爀 昀爀漀洀 栀愀瘀椀渀最 愀 猀漀渀Ⰰ 漀爀 昀爀漀洀  having made himself actually a son to himself, or from ministering his own ਀洀漀渀愀爀挀栀礀 戀礀 眀栀愀琀攀瘀攀爀 愀最攀渀琀猀 栀攀 眀椀氀氀⸀ 一愀礀 洀漀爀攀Ⰰ 䤀 挀漀渀琀攀渀搀 琀栀愀琀 渀漀 搀漀洀椀渀椀漀渀 猀漀  belongs to one only, as his own, or is in such a sense singular, or is in such a ਀猀攀渀猀攀 愀 洀漀渀愀爀挀栀礀Ⰰ 愀猀 渀漀琀 愀氀猀漀 琀漀 戀攀 愀搀洀椀渀椀猀琀攀爀攀搀 琀栀爀漀甀最栀 漀琀栀攀爀 瀀攀爀猀漀渀猀 洀漀猀琀  closely connected with it, and whom it has itself provided as officials to ਀椀琀猀攀氀昀⸀ 䤀昀Ⰰ 洀漀爀攀漀瘀攀爀Ⰰ 琀栀攀爀攀 戀攀 愀 猀漀渀 戀攀氀漀渀最椀渀最 琀漀 栀椀洀 眀栀漀猀攀 洀漀渀愀爀挀栀礀 椀琀 椀猀Ⰰ 椀琀  does not forthwith become divided and cease to be a monarchy, if the son also be ਀琀愀欀攀渀 愀猀 愀 猀栀愀爀攀爀 椀渀 椀琀㬀 戀甀琀 椀琀 椀猀 愀猀 琀漀 椀琀猀 漀爀椀最椀渀 攀焀甀愀氀氀礀 栀椀猀Ⰰ 戀礀 眀栀漀洀 椀琀 椀猀  communicated to the son; and being his, it is quite as much a monarchy (or ਀猀漀氀攀 攀洀瀀椀爀攀㰀⼀椀㸀⤀Ⰰ 猀椀渀挀攀 椀琀 椀猀 栀攀氀搀 琀漀最攀琀栀攀爀 戀礀 琀眀漀 眀栀漀 愀爀攀 猀漀 椀渀猀攀瀀愀爀愀戀氀攀⸀  Therefore, inasmuch as the Divine Monarchy also is administered by so many ਀氀攀最椀漀渀猀 愀渀搀 栀漀猀琀猀 漀昀 愀渀最攀氀猀Ⰰ 愀挀挀漀爀搀椀渀最 愀猀 椀琀 椀猀 眀爀椀琀琀攀渀Ⰰ†ᰀ吀栀漀甀猀愀渀搀 琀栀漀甀猀愀渀搀猀  ministered unto Him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before Him;” and ਀猀椀渀挀攀 椀琀 栀愀猀 渀漀琀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀椀猀 挀椀爀挀甀洀猀琀愀渀挀攀 挀攀愀猀攀搀 琀漀 戀攀 琀栀攀 爀甀氀攀 漀昀 漀渀攀 ⠀猀漀 愀猀 渀漀  longer to be a monarchy), because it is administered by so many thousands of ਀瀀漀眀攀爀猀㬀 栀漀眀 挀漀洀攀猀 椀琀 琀漀 瀀愀猀猀 琀栀愀琀 䜀漀搀 猀栀漀甀氀搀 戀攀 琀栀漀甀最栀琀 琀漀 猀甀昀昀攀爀 搀椀瘀椀猀椀漀渀 愀渀搀  severance in the Son and in the Holy Ghost, who have the second and the third ਀瀀氀愀挀攀猀 愀猀猀椀最渀攀搀 琀漀 琀栀攀洀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 眀栀漀 愀爀攀 猀漀 挀氀漀猀攀氀礀 樀漀椀渀攀搀 眀椀琀栀 琀栀攀 䘀愀琀栀攀爀 椀渀 䠀椀猀  substance, when He suffers no such (division and severance) in the multitude of ਀猀漀 洀愀渀礀 愀渀最攀氀猀㼀 䐀漀 礀漀甀 爀攀愀氀氀礀 猀甀瀀瀀漀猀攀 琀栀愀琀 吀栀漀猀攀Ⰰ 眀栀漀 愀爀攀 渀愀琀甀爀愀氀氀礀 洀攀洀戀攀爀猀 漀昀  the Father’s own substance, pledges of His love, instruments of His might, nay, ਀䠀椀猀 瀀漀眀攀爀 椀琀猀攀氀昀 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 攀渀琀椀爀攀 猀礀猀琀攀洀 漀昀 䠀椀猀 洀漀渀愀爀挀栀礀Ⰰ 愀爀攀 琀栀攀 漀瘀攀爀琀栀爀漀眀 愀渀搀  destruction thereof? You are not right in so thinking. I prefer your exercising ਀礀漀甀爀猀攀氀昀 漀渀 琀栀攀 洀攀愀渀椀渀最 漀昀 琀栀攀 琀栀椀渀最 爀愀琀栀攀爀 琀栀愀渀 漀渀 琀栀攀 猀漀甀渀搀 漀昀 琀栀攀 眀漀爀搀⸀ 一漀眀  you must understand the overthrow of a monarchy to be this, when another ਀搀漀洀椀渀椀漀渀Ⰰ 眀栀椀挀栀 栀愀猀 愀 昀爀愀洀攀眀漀爀欀 愀渀搀 愀 猀琀愀琀攀 瀀攀挀甀氀椀愀爀 琀漀 椀琀猀攀氀昀 ⠀愀渀搀 椀猀 琀栀攀爀攀昀漀爀攀  a rival), is brought in over and above it: when, e.g., some other god is ਀椀渀琀爀漀搀甀挀攀搀 椀渀 漀瀀瀀漀猀椀琀椀漀渀 琀漀 琀栀攀 䌀爀攀愀琀漀爀Ⰰ 愀猀 椀渀 琀栀攀 漀瀀椀渀椀漀渀猀 漀昀 䴀愀爀挀椀漀渀㬀 漀爀 眀栀攀渀  many gods are introduced, according to your Valentinuses and your Prodicuses. ਀吀栀攀渀 椀琀 愀洀漀甀渀琀猀 琀漀 愀渀 漀瘀攀爀琀栀爀漀眀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䴀漀渀愀爀挀栀礀Ⰰ 猀椀渀挀攀 椀琀 椀渀瘀漀氀瘀攀猀 琀栀攀  destruction of the Creator.
਀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀⼀琀搀㸀 ਀  㰀⼀琀愀戀氀攀㸀

਀㰀⼀搀椀瘀㸀

Mac Users please note that the ਀猀椀琀攀 洀愀礀 渀漀琀 眀漀爀欀 眀椀琀栀 匀愀昀愀爀椀 瘀攀爀猀椀漀渀猀 氀漀眀攀爀 琀栀愀渀 瘀攀爀猀椀漀渀 㐀⸀ ⠀䤀琀 栀愀猀 戀攀攀渀 琀攀猀琀攀搀 眀椀琀栀 瘀攀爀猀椀漀渀 㐀⸀ ⸀㌀⸀⤀ 䤀琀 眀椀氀氀 眀漀爀欀 眀椀琀栀 䘀椀爀攀昀漀砀Ⰰ 眀栀椀挀栀 挀愀渀 戀攀 搀漀眀渀氀漀愀搀攀搀  from ਀栀攀爀攀㰀⼀愀㸀⸀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀㰀⼀瀀㸀 ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀㰀椀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀倀氀攀愀猀攀 渀漀琀攀 琀栀愀琀 昀漀爀 愀氀氀 昀攀愀琀甀爀攀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀  site to work correctly javascript must be enabled and the operation of "pop-up" ਀眀椀渀搀漀眀猀 洀甀猀琀 渀漀琀 戀攀 戀氀漀挀欀攀搀⸀ 䌀氀椀挀欀 㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⸀⸀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀开瀀漀瀀甀瀀⸀栀琀洀∀㸀栀攀爀攀㰀⼀愀㸀  for more information.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tertullian
਀吀栀攀 吀爀椀渀椀琀礀㰀戀爀㸀 Three in One
਀䄀搀瘀攀爀猀甀猀 倀爀愀砀攀愀洀㰀戀爀㸀 Adversus Praxean
਀䄀最愀椀渀猀琀 倀爀愀砀攀愀猀㰀戀爀㸀 three persons
਀漀渀攀 猀甀戀猀琀愀渀挀攀㰀戀爀㸀 Migne Latin
਀倀愀琀爀漀氀漀最椀愀攀 䰀愀琀椀渀愀攀 䌀甀爀猀甀猀 䌀漀洀瀀氀攀琀甀猀㰀戀爀㸀 Patrologia Latina

 

Back to Entry Page

 

਀ ਀

 

਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀⼀瀀㸀

 

਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀⼀瀀㸀

 

਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀⼀瀀㸀

 

਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀⼀瀀㸀 ਀㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀樀猀愀瀀椀∀㸀㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀 ਀ ਀ ਀㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀㸀 var sc_project=3057904; ਀瘀愀爀 猀挀开椀渀瘀椀猀椀戀氀攀㴀 㬀  var sc_partition=33; ਀瘀愀爀 猀挀开猀攀挀甀爀椀琀礀㴀∀㘀㤀 㐀㘀㔀㠀 ∀㬀  ਀