਀ ਀㰀洀攀琀愀 渀愀洀攀㴀∀䜀䔀一䔀刀䄀吀伀刀∀ 挀漀渀琀攀渀琀㴀∀䴀椀挀爀漀猀漀昀琀 䘀爀漀渀琀倀愀最攀 㔀⸀ ∀㸀 ਀㰀洀攀琀愀 栀琀琀瀀ⴀ攀焀甀椀瘀㴀∀䌀漀渀琀攀渀琀ⴀ吀礀瀀攀∀ 挀漀渀琀攀渀琀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀栀琀洀氀㬀 挀栀愀爀猀攀琀㴀甀琀昀ⴀ㠀∀㸀 ਀㰀洀攀琀愀 渀愀洀攀㴀∀搀攀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀∀ content="Jerome, Monasticism, Asceticism, Greek and Latin resources with English translations for the study of Early Church History">਀㰀洀攀琀愀 渀愀洀攀㴀∀欀攀礀眀漀爀搀猀∀ content="Jerome, Hieronymus, Monks, Eustochium, Cœnobites, Coenobites, Anchorites, Remoboth, Epistola XXII, Letter 22, Epistula, Jerome letters, ascetic, asceticism, monastic, monasticism, Migne Latin Text, Patrologiae Latinae Cursus Completus, Patrologia Latina, Latin, Greek, Early Church History timeline, English translations, Nicaea, Chalcedon, Creeds, original language texts">਀㰀洀攀琀愀 渀愀洀攀㴀∀瘀椀攀眀瀀漀爀琀∀ 挀漀渀琀攀渀琀㴀∀眀椀搀琀栀㴀搀攀瘀椀挀攀ⴀ眀椀搀琀栀Ⰰ 椀渀椀琀椀愀氀ⴀ猀挀愀氀攀㴀㄀∀㸀 Jerome on Monasticism਀㰀氀椀渀欀 爀攀氀㴀∀猀琀礀氀攀猀栀攀攀琀∀ 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀挀猀猀∀ href="styles/searchpagestyle.css" />਀㰀℀ⴀⴀ 䔀渀搀 䌀匀匀 匀琀礀氀攀猀 ⨀⨀⨀⨀⨀ ⴀⴀ㸀 ਀㰀⼀栀攀愀搀㸀 ਀㰀戀漀搀礀㸀
਀        㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀 ਀    㰀⼀搀椀瘀㸀

਀ ਀㰀戀爀㸀 One of the most extensive resources on the internet ਀昀漀爀 琀栀攀 猀琀甀搀礀 漀昀 攀愀爀氀礀 䌀栀爀椀猀琀椀愀渀椀琀礀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀椀㸀㰀戀爀㸀

਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀ 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㔀∀㸠ᰀ䨀攀爀漀洀攀 搀攀猀挀爀椀戀攀猀 琀栀攀 氀椀昀攀 漀昀  three kinds of Egyptian Monks: Cœnobites, Anchorites and Remoboth - original Latin Text with English translation”

਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀䘀爀漀洀 㰀椀㸀䰀攀琀琀攀爀 ㈀㈀㰀⼀椀㸀 ⠀猀攀挀琀椀漀渀猀 ㌀㐀ⴀ㌀㔀⤀ 琀漀 䔀甀猀琀漀挀栀椀甀洀⸀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀㰀⼀瀀㸀
਀  㰀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀 ਀    㰀琀爀㸀 ਀    㰀⼀琀爀㸀

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਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㌀∀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀㰀戀㸀䌀氀椀挀欀 here ਀琀漀 爀攀愀搀 愀琀 攀愀爀氀礀挀栀甀爀挀栀琀攀砀琀猀⸀挀漀洀 椀渀 琀栀攀 漀爀椀最椀渀愀氀 䰀愀琀椀渀 㰀⼀戀㸀⠀眀椀琀栀 搀椀挀琀椀漀渀愀爀礀 氀漀漀欀甀瀀 氀椀渀欀猀⤀⸀ 吀栀攀 䔀渀最氀椀猀栀 琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀椀漀渀 戀攀氀漀眀 椀猀  from the NPNF series.

਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀㸀㰀椀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㌀∀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀攀愀爀氀礀挀栀甀爀挀栀琀攀砀琀猀⸀挀漀洀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀㰀⼀椀㸀㰀⼀瀀㸀
    ਀  㰀氀椀㸀

    Is like an electronic ਀    攀渀挀礀挀氀漀瀀攀搀椀愀 漀昀 琀栀攀 昀椀爀猀琀 昀椀瘀攀 挀攀渀琀甀爀椀攀猀 漀昀 䌀栀甀爀挀栀 䠀椀猀琀漀爀礀㰀⼀戀㸀Ⰰ 眀椀琀栀  extensive links (subscription version only) to information on around 800 ਀    瀀攀漀瀀氀攀 愀渀搀 琀栀攀洀攀猀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 愀爀漀甀渀搀 ㈀㌀  䌀栀甀爀挀栀 䌀漀甀渀挀椀氀猀㬀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀㰀⼀氀椀㸀

  • ਀    㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀ 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㈀∀㸀䤀猀 愀 㰀戀㸀刀攀愀搀攀爀 椀渀 䔀愀爀氀礀  Christian History and Theology with 225+ carefully prepared on-site texts ਀    ⠀䜀爀攀攀欀 愀渀搀⼀漀爀 䰀愀琀椀渀 眀椀琀栀 䔀渀最氀椀猀栀 琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀椀漀渀 愀氀漀渀最猀椀搀攀⤀ 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 昀椀爀猀琀 昀椀瘀攀  centuries of the life of the Church. These cover a range of significant ਀    琀栀攀洀攀猀 愀渀搀 爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀 猀攀瘀攀爀愀氀 愀甀琀栀漀爀猀 ⠀愀 猀愀洀瀀氀攀 琀攀砀琀 椀猀 㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⸀⸀⼀洀愀椀渀⼀猀愀洀瀀氀攀漀渀猀椀琀攀琀攀砀琀⼀猀愀洀瀀氀攀开漀渀猀椀琀攀开琀攀砀琀⸀猀栀琀洀氀∀㸀栀攀爀攀㰀⼀愀㸀 愀渀搀 愀 挀漀洀瀀氀攀琀攀 氀椀猀琀 漀昀 漀渀ⴀ猀椀琀攀 琀攀砀琀猀 㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⸀⸀⼀洀愀椀渀⼀甀瀀搀愀琀攀猀⼀琀栀攀洀攀搀开氀椀猀琀⸀猀栀琀洀氀∀㸀栀攀爀攀㰀⼀愀㸀⤀⸀ 䄀氀氀 栀愀瘀攀 搀椀挀琀椀漀渀愀爀礀 氀漀漀欀甀瀀 氀椀渀欀猀⸀  There is also an introduction to each text (to help in understanding its ਀    挀漀渀琀攀砀琀 愀渀搀 猀椀最渀椀昀椀挀愀渀挀攀⤀ 琀漀最攀琀栀攀爀 眀椀琀栀 戀愀挀欀最爀漀甀渀搀 渀漀琀攀猀 氀椀渀欀攀搀 眀椀琀栀 琀栀攀  text, carefully prepared printable versions, a site search engine and many ਀    漀琀栀攀爀 栀攀氀瀀昀甀氀 昀攀愀琀甀爀攀猀㬀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀㰀⼀氀椀㸀
  • ਀    㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀ 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㈀∀㸀㰀戀㸀䜀椀瘀攀猀 攀愀猀礀 愀挀挀攀猀猀 琀漀 挀漀洀瀀氀攀琀攀 䜀爀攀攀欀 愀渀搀 䰀愀琀椀渀 琀攀砀琀猀㰀⼀戀㸀  which are in the public domain and translations (where found available) from ਀  琀栀攀 昀椀爀猀琀 昀椀瘀攀 挀攀渀琀甀爀椀攀猀⸀ 吀栀攀爀攀 愀爀攀 挀愀爀攀昀甀氀氀礀 椀渀搀攀砀攀搀 氀椀渀欀猀 琀漀 愀甀琀栀漀爀猀 愀渀搀  their works, including an index of commentaries, homilies etc. by biblical book. Nearly all of the Greek and Latin texts from this period ਀  挀漀渀琀愀椀渀攀搀 椀渀 琀栀攀 䴀椀最渀攀 倀愀琀爀漀氀漀最椀愀 猀攀爀椀攀猀 愀爀攀 挀漀瘀攀爀攀搀⸀ 匀漀洀攀 漀琀栀攀爀 猀漀甀爀挀攀猀 愀爀攀  also used. The texts used are the scanned versions available at Google Books ਀  愀渀搀 攀氀猀攀眀栀攀爀攀⸀ 㰀椀㸀䄀 搀椀猀琀椀渀挀琀椀瘀攀 昀攀愀琀甀爀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䔀愀爀氀礀 䌀栀甀爀挀栀 吀攀砀琀猀 眀攀戀猀椀琀攀 椀猀  that where English translations have been found available online they can ਀  攀愀猀椀氀礀 戀攀 爀攀愀搀 椀洀洀攀搀椀愀琀攀氀礀 愀氀漀渀最猀椀搀攀 琀栀攀 漀爀椀最椀渀愀氀 䜀爀攀攀欀 愀渀搀 䰀愀琀椀渀㰀⼀椀㸀⸀ ⠀䄀 挀漀洀瀀氀攀琀攀 氀椀猀琀 漀昀 愀甀琀栀漀爀猀 爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀攀搀 椀猀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀愀 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀ 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⸀⸀⼀猀椀琀攀洀愀瀀开挀漀洀瀀氀攀琀攀开眀漀爀欀猀⸀栀琀洀∀㸀栀攀爀攀㰀⼀愀㸀⸀  䄀 猀愀洀瀀氀攀 琀攀砀琀 椀猀 㰀愀 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀ 栀爀攀昀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀猀愀洀瀀氀攀开琀攀砀琀开琀眀漀开挀漀氀甀洀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀栀攀爀攀㰀⼀愀㸀⸀⤀ ਀ ਀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀㰀⼀氀椀㸀
਀    㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀㸀 㰀昀漀渀琀 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㈀∀ 挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀⌀䌀䌀  㤀㤀∀㸀 Try out the feature ਀      爀椀挀栀 猀甀戀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀 瘀攀爀猀椀漀渀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䔀愀爀氀礀 䌀栀甀爀挀栀 吀攀砀琀猀 眀攀戀猀椀琀攀 昀漀爀 樀甀猀琀 ␀㔀  for a trial period or $30 for a year ($15 student rate). Click਀      㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⸀⸀⼀洀愀椀渀⼀猀甀戀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀椀渀昀漀⼀椀渀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀开爀攀开猀甀戀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀开猀椀琀攀⸀猀栀琀洀氀∀㸀 here for more information. Check out the video demo of the site. Click here to go to the Early Church Texts Home Page ਀    昀漀爀 琀栀攀 瀀甀戀氀椀挀氀礀 愀瘀愀椀氀愀戀氀攀 瘀攀爀猀椀漀渀 漀昀 琀栀攀 猀椀琀攀 眀栀椀挀栀 栀愀猀 樀甀猀琀 琀栀攀 漀爀椀最椀渀愀氀 䜀爀攀攀欀 愀渀搀 䰀愀琀椀渀 琀攀砀琀猀 眀椀琀栀 搀椀挀琀椀漀渀愀爀礀 氀漀漀欀甀瀀 氀椀渀欀猀⸀ 㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀 ਀
਀  㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀
਀    㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀搀椀瘀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀
਀  㰀琀爀㸀

਀㰀戀㸀椀倀愀搀 愀琀 䄀洀愀稀漀渀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀 ਀    㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀瀀椀挀猀⼀椀瀀愀搀开爀攀琀椀渀愀开㈀ ㄀㐀⸀最椀昀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀㔀㜀∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㄀㘀 ∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀猀㨀⼀⼀椀爀ⴀ渀愀⸀愀洀愀稀漀渀ⴀ愀搀猀礀猀琀攀洀⸀挀漀洀⼀攀⼀椀爀㼀琀㴀攀愀爀挀栀甀琀攀砀ⴀ㈀ ☀氀㴀甀爀㈀☀漀㴀㄀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㄀∀ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀∀ 猀琀礀氀攀㴀∀戀漀爀搀攀爀㨀渀漀渀攀 ℀椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀㬀 洀愀爀最椀渀㨀 瀀砀 ℀椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀∀ ⼀㸀 ਀    㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀 Click on picture for more details.

਀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀㰀愀 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀ 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀愀洀愀稀漀渀⸀挀漀⸀甀欀⼀椀倀愀搀ⴀ䄀瀀瀀氀攀⼀戀⼀㼀开攀渀挀漀搀椀渀最㴀唀吀䘀㠀☀挀愀洀瀀㴀㄀㘀㌀㐀☀挀爀攀愀琀椀瘀攀㴀㄀㤀㐀㔀 ☀氀椀渀欀䌀漀搀攀㴀甀爀㈀☀渀漀搀攀㴀㌀㐀㌀㜀㘀㔀㠀 ㌀㄀☀瀀昀开爀搀开椀㴀㐀㈀㤀㠀㤀㈀ ㌀㄀☀瀀昀开爀搀开洀㴀䄀㌀倀㔀刀伀䬀䰀㔀䄀㄀伀䰀䔀☀瀀昀开爀搀开瀀㴀㔀㈀㌀㔀㈀㌀㄀㠀㜀☀瀀昀开爀搀开爀㴀㄀䨀㌀㘀㠀一㌀嘀匀㈀䜀倀㈀夀㠀䄀䠀圀䘀圀☀瀀昀开爀搀开猀㴀洀攀爀挀栀愀渀搀椀猀攀搀ⴀ猀攀愀爀挀栀ⴀ㄀☀瀀昀开爀搀开琀㴀㄀ ㄀☀琀愀最㴀攀愀爀挀栀甀琀攀砀ⴀ㈀㄀∀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀⌀䘀䘀    ∀㸀䘀漀爀 唀䬀 挀氀椀挀欀 栀攀爀攀⸀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀猀㨀⼀⼀椀爀ⴀ甀欀⸀愀洀愀稀漀渀ⴀ愀搀猀礀猀琀攀洀⸀挀漀洀⼀攀⼀椀爀㼀琀㴀攀愀爀挀栀甀琀攀砀ⴀ㈀㄀☀氀㴀甀爀㈀☀漀㴀㈀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㄀∀ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀∀ 猀琀礀氀攀㴀∀戀漀爀搀攀爀㨀渀漀渀攀 ℀椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀㬀 洀愀爀最椀渀㨀 瀀砀 ℀椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀㬀∀ ⼀㸀 ਀    㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀 --------------

Many Jerome ਀    琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀椀漀渀猀 愀渀搀 猀琀甀搀椀攀猀 眀椀琀栀 氀椀渀欀猀 琀漀 䄀洀愀稀漀渀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀瀀㸀

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਀    㰀瀀㸀 STUDIES
਀    㰀⼀戀㸀㰀椀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㈀∀㸀⠀䌀氀椀挀欀 漀渀 椀洀愀最攀猀 戀攀氀漀眀⸀⤀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀㰀⼀椀㸀㰀⼀瀀㸀

਀    㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀瀀椀挀猀⼀樀攀爀漀洀攀开眀椀氀氀椀愀洀猀⸀樀瀀最∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀㈀ ∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㄀㘀 ∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀愀猀猀漀挀ⴀ愀洀愀稀漀渀⸀挀漀洀⼀攀⼀椀爀㼀琀㴀攀愀爀挀栀甀琀攀砀ⴀ㈀ ☀氀㴀愀猀㈀☀漀㴀㄀☀愀㴀 ㈀㈀㘀㠀㤀㤀  㐀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㄀∀ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀∀ 猀琀礀氀攀㴀∀戀漀爀搀攀爀㨀渀漀渀攀 ℀椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀㬀 洀愀爀最椀渀㨀 瀀砀 ℀椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀㬀∀ ⼀㸀

The Monk and the Book:
਀    䨀攀爀漀洀攀 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 䴀愀欀椀渀最 漀昀 䌀栀爀椀猀琀椀愀渀 匀挀栀漀氀愀爀猀栀椀瀀㰀戀爀㸀 Megan Hale Williams

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਀    㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀瀀椀挀猀⼀樀攀爀漀洀攀开欀攀氀氀礀⸀樀瀀最∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀㈀ ∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㄀㘀 ∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀愀猀猀漀挀ⴀ愀洀愀稀漀渀⸀挀漀洀⼀攀⼀椀爀㼀琀㴀攀愀爀挀栀甀琀攀砀ⴀ㈀ ☀氀㴀愀猀㈀☀漀㴀㄀☀愀㴀㄀㔀㘀㔀㘀㌀ 㠀㐀堀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㄀∀ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀∀ 猀琀礀氀攀㴀∀戀漀爀搀攀爀㨀渀漀渀攀 ℀椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀㬀 洀愀爀最椀渀㨀 瀀砀 ℀椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀㬀∀ ⼀㸀

Jerome:
਀    䠀椀猀 䰀椀昀攀Ⰰ 圀爀椀琀椀渀最猀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 䌀漀渀琀爀漀瘀攀爀猀椀攀猀㰀戀爀㸀 J. N. D. Kelly

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਀    㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀瀀椀挀猀⼀樀攀爀漀洀攀开爀椀挀攀⸀樀瀀最∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀㈀ ∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㄀㘀 ∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀愀猀猀漀挀ⴀ愀洀愀稀漀渀⸀挀漀洀⼀攀⼀椀爀㼀琀㴀攀愀爀挀栀甀琀攀砀ⴀ㈀ ☀氀㴀愀猀㈀☀漀㴀㄀☀愀㴀 㠀 ㄀㠀㌀㜀㐀㜀㈀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㄀∀ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀∀ 猀琀礀氀攀㴀∀戀漀爀搀攀爀㨀渀漀渀攀 ℀椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀㬀 洀愀爀最椀渀㨀 瀀砀 ℀椀洀瀀漀爀琀愀渀琀㬀∀ ⼀㸀

Saint Jerome in the Renaissance
਀    䔀甀最攀渀攀 䘀⸀ 刀椀挀攀㰀瀀㸀ⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀⴀ㰀瀀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀愀洀愀稀漀渀⸀挀漀洀⼀最瀀⼀瀀爀漀搀甀挀琀⼀ 㐀㄀㔀㄀㤀㤀 㘀㤀㼀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀㠀☀琀愀最㴀攀愀爀挀栀甀琀攀砀ⴀ㈀ ☀氀椀渀欀䌀漀搀攀㴀愀猀㈀☀挀愀洀瀀㴀㄀㜀㠀㤀☀挀爀攀愀琀椀瘀攀㴀㤀㌀㈀㔀☀挀爀攀愀琀椀瘀攀䄀匀䤀一㴀 㐀㄀㔀㄀㤀㤀 㘀㤀∀㸀
਀    㰀瀀㸀䨀攀爀漀洀攀 ⠀吀栀攀 䔀愀爀氀礀 䌀栀甀爀挀栀 䘀愀琀栀攀爀猀⤀㰀戀爀㸀 Stefan Rebenich

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਀㰀瀀 搀椀爀㴀∀氀琀爀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀㸀㌀㐀⸀ 䄀猀 䤀 栀愀瘀攀 洀攀渀琀椀漀渀攀搀 琀栀攀 洀漀渀欀猀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 欀渀漀眀 琀栀愀琀 礀漀甀  like to hear about holy things, lend an ear to me for a few moments. There are ਀椀渀 䔀最礀瀀琀 琀栀爀攀攀 挀氀愀猀猀攀猀 漀昀 洀漀渀欀猀⸀ 䘀椀爀猀琀Ⰰ 琀栀攀爀攀 愀爀攀 琀栀攀 持匀渀漀戀椀琀攀猀Ⰰ 挀愀氀氀攀搀 椀渀 琀栀攀椀爀  Gentile language Sauses, or, as we should say, men living in a community. ਀匀攀挀漀渀搀氀礀Ⰰ 琀栀攀爀攀 愀爀攀 琀栀攀 愀渀挀栀漀爀椀琀攀猀Ⰰ 眀栀漀 氀椀瘀攀 椀渀 琀栀攀 搀攀猀攀爀琀Ⰰ 攀愀挀栀 洀愀渀 戀礀 栀椀洀猀攀氀昀Ⰰ  and are so called because they have withdrawn from human society. Thirdly, there ਀椀猀 琀栀攀 挀氀愀猀猀 挀愀氀氀攀搀 刀攀洀漀戀漀琀栀Ⰰ 愀 瘀攀爀礀 椀渀昀攀爀椀漀爀 愀渀搀 氀椀琀琀氀攀 爀攀最愀爀搀攀搀 琀礀瀀攀Ⰰ 瀀攀挀甀氀椀愀爀  to my own province, or, at least, originating there. These live together in twos ਀愀渀搀 琀栀爀攀攀猀Ⰰ 戀甀琀 猀攀氀搀漀洀 椀渀 氀愀爀最攀爀 渀甀洀戀攀爀猀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 愀爀攀 戀漀甀渀搀 戀礀 渀漀 爀甀氀攀㬀 戀甀琀 搀漀  exactly as they choose. A portion of their earnings they contribute to a common ਀昀甀渀搀Ⰰ 漀甀琀 漀昀 眀栀椀挀栀 昀漀漀搀 椀猀 瀀爀漀瘀椀搀攀搀 昀漀爀 愀氀氀⸀ 䤀渀 洀漀猀琀 挀愀猀攀猀 琀栀攀礀 爀攀猀椀搀攀 椀渀 挀椀琀椀攀猀  and strongholds; and, as though it were their workmanship which is holy, and not ਀琀栀攀椀爀 氀椀昀攀Ⰰ 愀氀氀 琀栀愀琀 琀栀攀礀 猀攀氀氀 椀猀 攀砀琀爀攀洀攀氀礀 搀攀愀爀⸀ 吀栀攀礀 漀昀琀攀渀 焀甀愀爀爀攀氀 戀攀挀愀甀猀攀  they are unwilling, while supplying their own food, to be subordinate to others. ਀䤀琀 椀猀 琀爀甀攀 琀栀愀琀 琀栀攀礀 挀漀洀瀀攀琀攀 眀椀琀栀 攀愀挀栀 漀琀栀攀爀 椀渀 昀愀猀琀椀渀最㬀 琀栀攀礀 洀愀欀攀 眀栀愀琀 猀栀漀甀氀搀  be a private concern an occasion for a triumph. In everything they study effect: ਀琀栀攀椀爀 猀氀攀攀瘀攀猀 愀爀攀 氀漀漀猀攀Ⰰ 琀栀攀椀爀 戀漀漀琀猀 戀甀氀最攀Ⰰ 琀栀攀椀爀 最愀爀戀 椀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀 挀漀愀爀猀攀猀琀⸀ 吀栀攀礀  are always sighing, or visiting virgins, or sneering at the clergy; yet when a ਀栀漀氀椀搀愀礀 挀漀洀攀猀Ⰰ 琀栀攀礀 洀愀欀攀 琀栀攀洀猀攀氀瘀攀猀 猀椀挀欠᐀琀栀攀礀 攀愀琀 猀漀 洀甀挀栀⸀㰀瀀 搀椀爀㴀∀氀琀爀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀㸀 35. Having then rid ourselves of these as of so many plagues, let us come to ਀琀栀愀琀 洀漀爀攀 渀甀洀攀爀漀甀猀 挀氀愀猀猀 眀栀漀 氀椀瘀攀 琀漀最攀琀栀攀爀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 眀栀漀 愀爀攀Ⰰ 愀猀 眀攀 栀愀瘀攀 猀愀椀搀Ⰰ 挀愀氀氀攀搀  Cœnobites. Among these the first principle of union is to obey superiors and to ਀搀漀 眀栀愀琀攀瘀攀爀 琀栀攀礀 挀漀洀洀愀渀搀⸀ 吀栀攀礀 愀爀攀 搀椀瘀椀搀攀搀 椀渀琀漀 戀漀搀椀攀猀 漀昀 琀攀渀 愀渀搀 漀昀 愀 栀甀渀搀爀攀搀Ⰰ  so that each tenth man has authority over nine others, while the hundredth has ਀琀攀渀 漀昀 琀栀攀猀攀 漀昀昀椀挀攀爀猀 甀渀搀攀爀 栀椀洀⸀ 吀栀攀礀 氀椀瘀攀 愀瀀愀爀琀 昀爀漀洀 攀愀挀栀 漀琀栀攀爀Ⰰ 椀渀 猀攀瀀愀爀愀琀攀  cells. According to their rule, no monk may visit another before the ninth hour; ਀攀砀挀攀瀀琀 琀栀攀 搀攀愀渀猀㠀 愀戀漀瘀攀 洀攀渀琀椀漀渀攀搀Ⰰ 眀栀漀猀攀 漀昀昀椀挀攀 椀猀 琀漀 挀漀洀昀漀爀琀Ⰰ 眀椀琀栀 猀漀漀琀栀椀渀最  words, those whose thoughts disquiet them. After the ninth hour they meet ਀琀漀最攀琀栀攀爀 琀漀 猀椀渀最 瀀猀愀氀洀猀 愀渀搀 爀攀愀搀 琀栀攀 匀挀爀椀瀀琀甀爀攀猀 愀挀挀漀爀搀椀渀最 琀漀 甀猀愀最攀⸀ 吀栀攀渀 眀栀攀渀  the prayers have ended and all have sat down, one called the father stands up ਀愀洀漀渀最 琀栀攀洀 愀渀搀 戀攀最椀渀猀 琀漀 攀砀瀀漀甀渀搀 琀栀攀 瀀漀爀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 琀栀攀 搀愀礀⸀ 圀栀椀氀攀 栀攀 椀猀 猀瀀攀愀欀椀渀最  the silence is profound; no man ventures to look at his neighbor or to clear his ਀琀栀爀漀愀琀⸀ 吀栀攀 猀瀀攀愀欀攀爠ᤀ猀 瀀爀愀椀猀攀 椀猀 椀渀 琀栀攀 眀攀攀瀀椀渀最 漀昀 栀椀猀 栀攀愀爀攀爀猀⸀ 匀椀氀攀渀琀 琀攀愀爀猀 爀漀氀氀  down their cheeks, but not a sob escapes from their lips. Yet when he begins to ਀猀瀀攀愀欀 漀昀 䌀栀爀椀猀琠ᤀ猀 欀椀渀最搀漀洀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 漀昀 昀甀琀甀爀攀 戀氀椀猀猀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 漀昀 琀栀攀 最氀漀爀礀 眀栀椀挀栀 椀猀 琀漀  come, every one may be noticed saying to himself, with a gentle sigh and ਀甀瀀氀椀昀琀攀搀 攀礀攀猀㨀†ᰀ伀栀Ⰰ 琀栀愀琀 䤀 栀愀搀 眀椀渀最猀 氀椀欀攀 愀 搀漀瘀攀℀ 䘀漀爀 琀栀攀渀 眀漀甀氀搀 䤀 昀氀礀 愀眀愀礀 愀渀搀  be at rest.” After this the meeting breaks up and each company of ten goes with ਀椀琀猀 昀愀琀栀攀爀 琀漀 椀琀猀 漀眀渀 琀愀戀氀攀⸀ 吀栀椀猀 琀栀攀礀 琀愀欀攀 椀渀 琀甀爀渀猀 琀漀 猀攀爀瘀攀 攀愀挀栀 昀漀爀 愀 眀攀攀欀 愀琀  a time. No noise is made over the food; no one talks while eating. Bread, pulse ਀愀渀搀 最爀攀攀渀猀 昀漀爀洀 琀栀攀椀爀 昀愀爀攀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 漀渀氀礀 猀攀愀猀漀渀椀渀最 琀栀愀琀 琀栀攀礀 甀猀攀 椀猀 猀愀氀琀⸀ 圀椀渀攀  is given only to the old, who with the children often have a special meal ਀瀀爀攀瀀愀爀攀搀 昀漀爀 琀栀攀洀 琀漀 爀攀瀀愀椀爀 琀栀攀 爀愀瘀愀最攀猀 漀昀 愀最攀 愀渀搀 琀漀 猀愀瘀攀 琀栀攀 礀漀甀渀最 昀爀漀洀  premature decay. When the meal is over they all rise together, and, after ਀猀椀渀最椀渀最 愀 栀礀洀渀Ⰰ 爀攀琀甀爀渀 琀漀 琀栀攀椀爀 搀眀攀氀氀椀渀最猀⸀ 吀栀攀爀攀 攀愀挀栀 漀渀攀 琀愀氀欀猀 琀椀氀氀 攀瘀攀渀椀渀最  with his comrade thus: “Have you noticed so-and-so? What grace he has! How ਀猀椀氀攀渀琀 栀攀 椀猀℀ 䠀漀眀 猀漀戀攀爀氀礀 栀攀 眀愀氀欀猀℠ᴀ 䤀昀 愀渀礀 漀渀攀 椀猀 眀攀愀欀 琀栀攀礀 挀漀洀昀漀爀琀 栀椀洀㬀 漀爀 椀昀  he is fervent in love to God, they encourage him to fresh earnestness. And ਀戀攀挀愀甀猀攀 愀琀 渀椀最栀琀Ⰰ 戀攀猀椀搀攀猀 琀栀攀 瀀甀戀氀椀挀 瀀爀愀礀攀爀猀Ⰰ 攀愀挀栀 洀愀渀 欀攀攀瀀猀 瘀椀最椀氀 椀渀 栀椀猀 漀眀渀  chamber, they go round all the cells one by one, and putting their ears to the ਀搀漀漀爀猀Ⰰ 挀愀爀攀昀甀氀氀礀 愀猀挀攀爀琀愀椀渀 眀栀愀琀 琀栀攀椀爀 漀挀挀甀瀀愀渀琀猀 愀爀攀 搀漀椀渀最⸀ 䤀昀 琀栀攀礀 昀椀渀搀 愀 洀漀渀欀  slothful, they do not scold him; but, dissembling what they know, they visit him ਀洀漀爀攀 昀爀攀焀甀攀渀琀氀礀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 愀琀 昀椀爀猀琀 攀砀栀漀爀琀 爀愀琀栀攀爀 琀栀愀渀 挀漀洀瀀攀氀 栀椀洀 琀漀 瀀爀愀礀 洀漀爀攀⸀ 䔀愀挀栀  day has its allotted task, and this being given in to the dean, is by him ਀戀爀漀甀最栀琀 琀漀 琀栀攀 猀琀攀眀愀爀搀⸀ 吀栀椀猀 氀愀琀琀攀爀Ⰰ 漀渀挀攀 愀 洀漀渀琀栀Ⰰ 最椀瘀攀猀 愀 猀挀爀甀瀀甀氀漀甀猀 愀挀挀漀甀渀琀 琀漀  their common father. He also tastes the dishes when they are cooked, and, as no ਀漀渀攀 椀猀 愀氀氀漀眀攀搀 琀漀 猀愀礀Ⰰ†ᰀ䤀 愀洀 眀椀琀栀漀甀琀 愀 琀甀渀椀挀 漀爀 愀 挀氀漀愀欀 漀爀 愀 挀漀甀挀栀 漀昀 爀甀猀栀攀猀Ⱐᴀ  he so arranges that no one need ask for or go without what he wants. In case a ਀洀漀渀欀 昀愀氀氀猀 椀氀氀Ⰰ 栀攀 椀猀 洀漀瘀攀搀 琀漀 愀 洀漀爀攀 猀瀀愀挀椀漀甀猀 挀栀愀洀戀攀爀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 琀栀攀爀攀 猀漀 愀琀琀攀渀琀椀瘀攀氀礀  nursed by the old men, that he misses neither the luxury of cities nor a ਀洀漀琀栀攀爠ᤀ猀 欀椀渀搀渀攀猀猀⸀ 䔀瘀攀爀礀 䰀漀爀搠ᤀ猀 搀愀礀 琀栀攀礀 猀瀀攀渀搀 琀栀攀椀爀 眀栀漀氀攀 琀椀洀攀 椀渀 瀀爀愀礀攀爀 愀渀搀  reading; indeed, when they have finished their tasks, these are their usual ਀漀挀挀甀瀀愀琀椀漀渀猀⸀ 䔀瘀攀爀礀 搀愀礀 琀栀攀礀 氀攀愀爀渀 戀礀 栀攀愀爀琀 愀 瀀漀爀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 匀挀爀椀瀀琀甀爀攀⸀ 吀栀攀礀 欀攀攀瀀 琀栀攀  same fasts all the year round, but in Lent they are allowed to live more ਀猀琀爀椀挀琀氀礀⸀ 䄀昀琀攀爀 圀栀椀琀猀甀渀琀椀搀攀 琀栀攀礀 攀砀挀栀愀渀最攀 琀栀攀椀爀 攀瘀攀渀椀渀最 洀攀愀氀 昀漀爀 愀 洀椀搀搀愀礀 漀渀攀㬀  both to satisfy the tradition of the church and to avoid overloading their ਀猀琀漀洀愀挀栀猀 眀椀琀栀 愀 搀漀甀戀氀攀 猀甀瀀瀀氀礀 漀昀 昀漀漀搀⸀ 䄀 猀椀洀椀氀愀爀 搀攀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀 椀猀 最椀瘀攀渀 漀昀 琀栀攀  Essenes by Philo, Plato’s imitator; also by Josephus, the Greek Livy, in his ਀渀愀爀爀愀琀椀瘀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䨀攀眀椀猀栀 挀愀瀀琀椀瘀椀琀礀⸀㰀戀爀㸀
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਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀ 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㔀∀㸀䴀愀挀 唀猀攀爀猀 瀀氀攀愀猀攀 渀漀琀攀 琀栀愀琀 琀栀攀  site may not work with Safari versions lower than version 4. (It has been tested with version 4.0.3.) It will work with Firefox, which can be downloaded ਀昀爀漀洀 㰀愀 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀ 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀洀漀稀椀氀氀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀攀渀ⴀ唀匀⼀昀椀爀攀昀漀砀⼀愀氀氀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀 here.

Please note that for all features of the ਀猀椀琀攀 琀漀 眀漀爀欀 挀漀爀爀攀挀琀氀礀 樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 洀甀猀琀 戀攀 攀渀愀戀氀攀搀 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 漀瀀攀爀愀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 ☀焀甀漀琀㬀瀀漀瀀ⴀ甀瀀☀焀甀漀琀㬀  windows must not be blocked. Click here ਀昀漀爀 洀漀爀攀 椀渀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀⸀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀㰀⼀椀㸀㰀⼀瀀㸀 ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀⼀瀀㸀 ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀⼀瀀㸀 ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀⼀瀀㸀 ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀⼀瀀㸀 ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀⼀瀀㸀 ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀⼀瀀㸀 ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀⼀瀀㸀 ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀⼀瀀㸀 ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀⼀瀀㸀 ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀⼀瀀㸀 ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀⼀瀀㸀 ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀⼀瀀㸀 ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀⼀瀀㸀 ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀⼀瀀㸀 ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀⼀瀀㸀 ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀㸀䴀漀渀欀猀㰀戀爀㸀 Eustochium
਀䌁匀渀漀戀椀琀攀猀㰀戀爀㸀 Coenobites
਀䄀渀挀栀漀爀椀琀攀猀㰀戀爀㸀 Remoboth
਀䔀瀀椀猀琀漀氀愀 堀堀䤀䤀㰀戀爀㸀 Epistula
਀䨀攀爀漀洀攀 氀攀琀琀攀爀猀㰀戀爀㸀 ascetic, asceticism, monastic, monasticism
਀䴀椀最渀攀 䰀愀琀椀渀 吀攀砀琀㰀戀爀㸀 Patrologiae Latinae Cursus Completus
਀倀愀琀爀漀氀漀最椀愀 䰀愀琀椀渀愀㰀戀爀㸀  

 

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਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀⼀瀀㸀

 

਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀⼀瀀㸀 ਀㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀樀猀愀瀀椀∀㸀㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀 ਀ ਀ ਀㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀㸀 var sc_project=3057904; ਀瘀愀爀 猀挀开椀渀瘀椀猀椀戀氀攀㴀 㬀  var sc_partition=33; ਀瘀愀爀 猀挀开猀攀挀甀爀椀琀礀㴀∀㘀㤀 㐀㘀㔀㠀 ∀㬀  ਀