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“Egeria - The Pilgrimage of - Epiphany in Jerusalem”
Egeria describes the Epiphany observances in Jerusalem, around the late 4th century. Original Latin text with English translation (chapter 25)
Click here to read at earlychurchtexts.com in the original Latin (with dictionary lookup links). There are more extracts available through the link than given below. The English translation is by McClure and Feltoe.
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George E. Gingras
1. Night Station at Bethlehem.
Blessed is he that cometh in the Name of the Lord, and the rest which follows. And since, for the sake of the monks who go on foot, it is necessary to walk slowly, the arrival in Jerusalem thus takes place at the hour when one man begins to be able to recognize another, that is, close upon but a little before daybreak. And on arriving there, the bishop and all with him immediately enter the Anastasis, where an exceedingly great number of lights are already burning. There a psalm is said, prayer is made, first the catechumens and then the faithful are blessed by the bishop; then the bishop retires, and every one returns to his lodging to take rest, but the monks remain there until daybreak and recite hymns.
But after the people
have taken rest, at the beginning of the second hour they all assemble in the
greater church, which is in Golgotha.
On the second day also they
proceed in like manner to the church in Golgotha, and also on the third day;
thus the feast is celebrated with all this joyfulness for three days up to the
sixth hour in the church built by Constantine. On the fourth day it is
celebrated in like manner with similar festal array in Eleona, the very
beautiful church which stands on the Mount of Olives; on the fifth day in the
Lazarium, which is distant about one thousand five hundred paces from Jerusalem;
on the sixth2day in Sion, on the seventh day in the Anastasis, and on the eighth
day at the Cross. Thus, then, is the feast celebrated with all this joyfulness
and festal array throughout the eight days in all the holy places which I have
mentioned above. And in Bethlehem also throughout the entire eight days the
feast is celebrated with similar festal array and joyfulness daily by the
priests and by all the clergy there, and by the monks who are appointed in that
place. For from the hour when all return by night to Jerusalem with the bishop,
the monks of that place keep vigil in the church in Bethlehem, reciting hymns
and antiphons, but it is necessary that the bishop should always keep these days
in Jerusalem. And immense crowds, not of monks only, but also of the laity, both
men and women, flock together to Jerusalem from every quarter for the solemn and
joyous observance of that day.
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The Pilgrimage of
The Pilgrimage of Egeria
Observance and Celebration of Christmas and Epiphany
Silviae Vel Potius Aetheriae Peregrinatio Ad Loca Sancta
Early Christian Woman Writer
Early Christian Women Writers
McClure and Feltoe
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