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“The Condemnation of Eutyches at the Council of Constantinople in 448”

Eutyches expresses his views on the nature of Christ and is condemned.

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Click here to read at earlychurchtexts.com in the original Greek and Latin. (with dictionary lookup links). The English translation below is from Ayer, A Source Book for Ancient Church History.

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Frances Young

 

 

Archbishop Flavian said: Do you confess that the one and the same Son, our Lord Jesus Chris, is consubstantial with His Father as to His Divinity, and consubstantial with His mother as to His humanity?

Eutyches said: When I entrusted myself to your Holiness, I said that you should not ask me further what I thought concerning the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.

The Archbishop said: Do you confess Christ to be of two natures?

Eutyches said: I have never yet presumed to speculate concerning the nature of my God, the Lord of heaven and earth; . . . . I confess that I have never said that He is consubstantial with us. Up to the present day I have not said that the body of our Lord and God was consubstantial with us; I confess that the Holy Virgin is consubstantial with us, and that of her our God was incarnate. . . .

Florentius, the patrician, said: Since the mother is consubstantial with us, doubtless the Son is consubstantial with us.

Eutyches said: I have not said, you will notice, that the body of a man became the body of God, but the body was human, and the Lord was incarnate of the Virgin. If you wish that I should add to this that His body is consubstantial with us, I will do this; but I do not understand the term consubstantial in such a way that I deny that He is the Son of God. Formerly I spoke in general not of a consubstantiality according to the flesh: now I will do so, because your Holiness demands it . . . .

Florentius said: Do you or do you not confess that our Lord, who is of the Virgin, is consubstantial and of two natures after the Incarnation?

Eutyches said: I confess that our Lord was of two natures before the union [i.e. the union of divinity and humanity in the incarnation], but after the union, one nature . . . . I follow the teaching of the blessed Cyril and the holy Fathers and the holy Athanasius, because they speak of two natures before the union, but after the union and incarnation, they speak not of two natures but of one nature.

Eutyches, formerly presbyter and archimandrite, has been shown, by what has taken place and by his own confession, to be infected with the heresy of Valentinus and Apollinaris, and to follow stubbornly their blasphemies, and rejecting our arguments and teaching, is unwilling to consent to true doctrines. Therefore, weeping and mourning his complete perversity, we have decreed through our Lord Jesus Christ, who has been blasphemed by him, that he be deprived of every sacordotal office, that he be put out of our communion, and deprived of his position over a monastery. All who hereafter speak with him or associate with him, are to know that they also are fallen into the same penalty of excommunication.



 

 

 

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Council of Constantinople,
448
Monophysite controversy
Monophysitism
Miaphysite
Dyophysite
Flavian
Dioscorus
μετὰ δὲ τὴν ἕνωσιν, μίαν φύσιν ὁμολογῶ
μονοφυσῖται
Εὐτυχὴς

 

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